Swipe to Delete RecyclerView items with UNDO in Android Studio

Here we will create an example to delete an item of RecyclerView by swiping the item with undo functionality. For this purpose, we will use the ItemTouchHelper class which is added in Android Support Library V7 in order to achieve swipe to delete Recycler view items with UNDO.

This class is used to create a swipe to delete the items of RecyclerView. It has a SimpleCallback class that configures the events which are performed to swipe or move the item of the RecyclerView.

ItemTouchHelper class

It is a utility class that provides the facility to add swipe to dismiss and drag & drops the items of RecyclerView. It overrides the callback methods onMove() or onSwipe() depending upon the functionality we implement. So lets try to implement Swipe to Delete RecyclerView items with UNDO

Must Read: Google Login And Registration For Android Using Firebase Authentication

Android Swipe to Delete RecyclerView items with UNDO Example

Step 1: Setting Up Your Layout Files

Start by defining your activity_main.xml and content_main.xml. These XML files will layout your main activity and include your RecyclerView fragment, respectively. The structure of these files is crucial for the proper display of your RecyclerView.

activity_main.xml

activity_main.xml  
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  
<android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"  
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"  
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"  
    android:layout_width="match_parent"  
    android:layout_height="match_parent"  
    android:fitsSystemWindows="true"  
    tools:context="example.androidhire.com.recyclerviewswipedeleteundo.MainActivity">  
  
    <android.support.design.widget.AppBarLayout  
        android:layout_width="match_parent"  
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"  
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme.AppBarOverlay">  
  
        <android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar  
            android:id="@+id/toolbar"  
            android:layout_width="match_parent"  
            android:layout_height="?attr/actionBarSize"  
            android:background="?attr/colorPrimary"  
            app:popupTheme="@style/AppTheme.PopupOverlay" />  
  
    </android.support.design.widget.AppBarLayout>  
  
    <include layout="@layout/content_main" />  
  
</android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout>  


content_main.xml

<fragment xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto" xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools" android:id="@+id/fragment"      android:name="example.androidhire.com.recyclerviewswipedeleteundo.MainActivityFragment"
android:layout_width="match_parent"    android:layout_height="match_parent" app:layout_behavior="@string/appbar_scrolling_view_behavior"    tools:layout="@layout/fragment_main" />

MainActivity.java

package example.androidhire.com.recyclerviewswipedeleteundo; 
import android.os.Bundle; 
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity; 
import android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar; 
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity { 
   @Override protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { 
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); 
setContentView(R.layout.activity_main); 
Toolbar toolbar = (Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.toolbar); 
setSupportActionBar(toolbar); 
}
} 

Step 2: Designing Item Layouts for Regular and Swipe States

Create regular_item.xml and swipe_item.xml layouts. The regular layout represents the normal view of your RecyclerView items, while the swipe layout will be displayed when an item is swiped.

regular_item.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  
 <LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"  
 android:id="@+id/regularLayout"  
     android:layout_width="match_parent"  
     android:layout_height="wrap_content"  
     android:orientation="vertical"  
     android:padding="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin">  
   
     <TextView  
         android:id="@+id/list_item"  
         android:layout_width="match_parent"  
         android:layout_height="wrap_content"  
         android:text="Regular Layout"  
         android:textSize="28sp" />  
</LinearLayout>  

Create a layout swipe_item.xml which appears at the period of swipe item

swipe_item.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  
 <LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"  
     android:id="@+id/swipeLayout"  
     android:layout_width="match_parent"  
     android:layout_height="wrap_content"  
     android:background="@color/swipebackground"  
     android:orientation="horizontal"  
     android:padding="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"  
     android:visibility="visible"  
     android:weightSum="3">  
   
     <TextView  
         android:layout_width="match_parent"  
         android:layout_height="wrap_content"  
         android:layout_weight="1"  
         android:text="@string/archived_label"  
         android:textColor="@android:color/white"  
         android:textSize="24sp" />  
   
   
     <TextView  
         android:id="@+id/undo"  
         android:layout_width="match_parent"  
         android:layout_height="wrap_content"  
         android:layout_weight="2"  
         android:gravity="end"  
         android:paddingBottom="5dp"  
         android:paddingLeft="16dp"  
         android:paddingRight="16dp"  
         android:paddingTop="5dp"  
         android:text="@string/undo_label"  
         android:textColor="@android:color/white"  
         android:textSize="22sp"  
         android:textStyle="bold" />     
 </LinearLayout>


Step 3: Combining Layouts in customlayout.xml

Combine both layouts in a customlayout.xml file. This layout will switch between the regular and swipe views based on user interactions.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  
<FrameLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"  
     android:layout_width="match_parent"  
     android:layout_height="wrap_content">  
     <!-- Swipe Layout-->  
     <include layout="@layout/swipe_item" />  
     <!-- Regular Layout-->  
     <include layout="@layout/regular_item" />  
</FrameLayout>  

Step 4: Implementing SwipeUtil.java

Create the SwipeUtil.java utility class extending ItemTouchHelper.SimpleCallback. Override methods like onMove(), onSwiped(), and onChildDraw() to handle swipe actions and visualize changes on the UI.

package example.androidhire.com.recyclerviewswipedeleteundo;

import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.Canvas;
import android.graphics.Color;
import android.graphics.Paint;
import android.graphics.PorterDuff;
import android.graphics.drawable.ColorDrawable;
import android.graphics.drawable.Drawable;
import android.support.v4.content.ContextCompat;
import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;
import android.support.v7.widget.helper.ItemTouchHelper;
import android.view.View;

public abstract class SwipeUtil extends ItemTouchHelper.SimpleCallback {

  private Drawable background;
  private Drawable deleteIcon;
  private int xMarkMargin;
  private boolean initiated;
  private Context context;
  private int leftcolorCode;
  private String leftSwipeLable;

  public SwipeUtil(int dragDirs, int swipeDirs, Context context) {
    super(dragDirs, swipeDirs);
    this.context = context;
  }

  private void init() {
    background = new ColorDrawable();
    xMarkMargin =
      (int) context.getResources().getDimension(R.dimen.ic_clear_margin);
    deleteIcon =
      ContextCompat.getDrawable(context, android.R.drawable.ic_menu_delete);
    deleteIcon.setColorFilter(Color.WHITE, PorterDuff.Mode.SRC_ATOP);
    initiated = true;
  }

  @Override
  public boolean onMove(
    RecyclerView recyclerView,
    RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder,
    RecyclerView.ViewHolder target
  ) {
    return false;
  }

  @Override
  public abstract void onSwiped(
    RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder,
    int direction
  );

  @Override
  public int getSwipeDirs(
    RecyclerView recyclerView,
    RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder
  ) {
    return super.getSwipeDirs(recyclerView, viewHolder);
  }

  @Override
  public void onChildDraw(
    Canvas c,
    RecyclerView recyclerView,
    RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder,
    float dX,
    float dY,
    int actionState,
    boolean isCurrentlyActive
  ) {
    View itemView = viewHolder.itemView;
    if (!initiated) {
      init();
    }

    int itemHeight = itemView.getBottom() - itemView.getTop();
    //Setting Swipe Background
    ((ColorDrawable) background).setColor(getLeftcolorCode());
    background.setBounds(
      itemView.getRight() + (int) dX,
      itemView.getTop(),
      itemView.getRight(),
      itemView.getBottom()
    );
    background.draw(c);

    int intrinsicWidth = deleteIcon.getIntrinsicWidth();
    int intrinsicHeight = deleteIcon.getIntrinsicWidth();

    int xMarkLeft = itemView.getRight() - xMarkMargin - intrinsicWidth;
    int xMarkRight = itemView.getRight() - xMarkMargin;
    int xMarkTop = itemView.getTop() + (itemHeight - intrinsicHeight) / 2;
    int xMarkBottom = xMarkTop + intrinsicHeight;

    //Setting Swipe Icon
    deleteIcon.setBounds(xMarkLeft, xMarkTop + 16, xMarkRight, xMarkBottom);
    deleteIcon.draw(c);

    //Setting Swipe Text
    Paint paint = new Paint();
    paint.setColor(Color.WHITE);
    paint.setTextSize(48);
    paint.setTextAlign(Paint.Align.CENTER);
    c.drawText(getLeftSwipeLable(), xMarkLeft + 40, xMarkTop + 10, paint);

    super.onChildDraw(
      c,
      recyclerView,
      viewHolder,
      dX,
      dY,
      actionState,
      isCurrentlyActive
    );
  }

  public String getLeftSwipeLable() {
    return leftSwipeLable;
  }

  public void setLeftSwipeLable(String leftSwipeLable) {
    this.leftSwipeLable = leftSwipeLable;
  }

  public int getLeftcolorCode() {
    return leftcolorCode;
  }

  public void setLeftcolorCode(int leftcolorCode) {
    this.leftcolorCode = leftcolorCode;
  }
}

Step 5: Creating the ItemViewHolder and MyAdapter Classes

Define your ItemViewHolder.java and MyAdapter.java classes. These classes will manage the RecyclerView items and handle the swipe-to-delete logic, including the undo functionality.

ItemViewHolder.java

package example.androidhire.com.recyclerviewswipedeleteundo;

import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.LinearLayout;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class ItemViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {

  public LinearLayout regularLayout;
  public LinearLayout swipeLayout;
  public TextView listItem;
  public TextView undo;

  public ItemViewHolder(View view) {
    super(view);
    regularLayout = view.findViewById(R.id.regularLayout);
    listItem = view.findViewById(R.id.list_item);
    swipeLayout = view.findViewById(R.id.swipeLayout);
    undo = view.findViewById(R.id.undo);
  }
}

MyAdapter.java

1. package example.androidhire.com.recyclerviewswipedeleteundo;  
2.   
3. import android.os.Handler;  
4. import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;  
5. import android.view.LayoutInflater;  
6. import android.view.View;  
7. import android.view.ViewGroup;  
8. import java.util.ArrayList;  
9. import java.util.HashMap;  
10. import java.util.List;  
11.   
12. public class MyAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<ItemViewHolder> {  
13.   
14.     private List<String> dataList;  
15.     private List<String> itemsPendingRemoval;  
16.   
17.     private static final int PENDING_REMOVAL_TIMEOUT = 3000; // 3sec  
18.     private Handler handler = new Handler(); // hanlder for running delayed runnables  
19.     HashMap<String, Runnable> pendingRunnables = new HashMap<>(); // map of items to pending runnable, to cancel the removal  
20.   
21.   
22.     public MyAdapter(List<String> dataList) {  
23.         this.dataList = dataList;  
24.         itemsPendingRemoval = new ArrayList<>();  
25.     }  
26.   
27.     @Override  
28.     public ItemViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {  
29.         View itemView = LayoutInflater.from(parent.getContext()).inflate(R.layout.customlayout, parent, false);  
30.         return new ItemViewHolder(itemView);  
31.     }  
32.   
33.     @Override  
34.     public void onBindViewHolder(ItemViewHolder itemViewHolder, int position) {  
35.   
36.         final String data = dataList.get(position);  
37.   
38.         if (itemsPendingRemoval.contains(data)) {  
39.             /** show swipe layout and hide regular layout */  
40.             itemViewHolder.regularLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);  
41.             itemViewHolder.swipeLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);  
42.             itemViewHolder.undo.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {  
43.                 @Override  
44.                 public void onClick(View v) {  
45.                     undoOpt(data);  
46.                 }  
47.             });  
48.         } else {  
49.             /** show regular layout and hide swipe layout*/  
50.             itemViewHolder.regularLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);  
51.             itemViewHolder.swipeLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);  
52.             itemViewHolder.listItem.setText(data);  
53.         }  
54.     }  
55.   
56.     private void undoOpt(String customer) {  
57.         Runnable pendingRemovalRunnable = pendingRunnables.get(customer);  
58.         pendingRunnables.remove(customer);  
59.         if (pendingRemovalRunnable != null)  
60.             handler.removeCallbacks(pendingRemovalRunnable);  
61.         itemsPendingRemoval.remove(customer);  
62.         // this will rebind the row in "normal" state  
63.         notifyItemChanged(dataList.indexOf(customer));  
64.     }  
65.   
66.     @Override  
67.     public int getItemCount() {  
68.         return dataList.size();  
69.     }  
70.   
71.     public void pendingRemoval(int position) {  
72.   
73.         final String data = dataList.get(position);  
74.         if (!itemsPendingRemoval.contains(data)) {  
75.             itemsPendingRemoval.add(data);  
76.             // this will redraw row in "undo" state  
77.             notifyItemChanged(position);  
78.             //create, store and post a runnable to remove the data  
79.             Runnable pendingRemovalRunnable = new Runnable() {  
80.                 @Override  
81.                 public void run() {  
82.                     remove(dataList.indexOf(data));  
83.                 }  
84.             };  
85.             handler.postDelayed(pendingRemovalRunnable, PENDING_REMOVAL_TIMEOUT);  
86.             pendingRunnables.put(data, pendingRemovalRunnable);  
87.         }  
88.     }  
89.   
90.     public void remove(int position) {  
91.         String data = dataList.get(position);  
92.         if (itemsPendingRemoval.contains(data)) {  
93.             itemsPendingRemoval.remove(data);  
94.         }  
95.         if (dataList.contains(data)) {  
96.             dataList.remove(position);  
97.             notifyItemRemoved(position);  
98.         }  
99.     }  
100.   
101.     public boolean isPendingRemoval(int position) {  
102.         String data = dataList.get(position);  
103.         return itemsPendingRemoval.contains(data);  
104.     }  
105. }  


Step 6: Setting Up MainActivityFragment

In your MainActivityFragment.java, initialize and set up your RecyclerView with the adapter and attach the SwipeUtil functionality.

fragment_main.xml

<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools" android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent" android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin" android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    tools:context="example.androidhire.com.recyclerviewswipedeleteundo.MainActivityFragment"
    tools:showIn="@layout/activity_main">

    <android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView android:id="@+id/recyclerView" android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent" />
</RelativeLayout>

MainActivityFragment.java

	package example.androidhire.com.recyclerviewswipedeleteundo;  
	import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;  
	import android.os.Bundle;  
	import android.support.v4.content.ContextCompat;  
	import android.support.v7.widget.LinearLayoutManager;  
	import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;  
	import android.support.v7.widget.helper.ItemTouchHelper;  
	import android.view.LayoutInflater;  
	import android.view.View;  
	import android.view.ViewGroup;  
	import java.util.ArrayList;  
	import java.util.List;  
	  
	public class MainActivityFragment extends Fragment {  
	  
	    private RecyclerView mRecyclerView;  
	    private MyAdapter myAdapter;  
	    String[] listValue = {"C Tutorial","C++ Tutorial","Data Structure","Java Tutorial","Android Example","Kotlin Programing","Python language","Ruby Tutorial",".Net Tutorial","MySQL Database"};  
	    public MainActivityFragment() {  
	    }  
	  
	    @Override  
	    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,  
	                             Bundle savedInstanceState) {  
	        View mView = inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_main, container, false);  
	        mRecyclerView = mView.findViewById(R.id.recyclerView);  
	        return mView;  
	    }  
	  
	    @Override  
	    public void onResume() {  
	        super.onResume();  
	        LinearLayoutManager linearLayoutManager = new LinearLayoutManager(getActivity());  
	        linearLayoutManager.setOrientation(LinearLayoutManager.VERTICAL);  
	        mRecyclerView.setLayoutManager(linearLayoutManager);  
	        myAdapter = new MyAdapter(getData());  
	        mRecyclerView.setAdapter(myAdapter);  
	  
	        setSwipeForRecyclerView();  
	    }  
	  
	    private List<String> getData() {  
	        List<String> modelList = new ArrayList<>();  
	        for (int i = 0; i < listValue.length; i++) {  
	            modelList.add(listValue[i]);  
	        }  
	        return modelList;  
	    }  
	  
	    private void setSwipeForRecyclerView() {  
	  
	        SwipeUtil swipeHelper = new SwipeUtil(0, ItemTouchHelper.LEFT, getActivity()) {  
	            @Override  
	            public void onSwiped(RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder, int direction) {  
	                int swipedPosition = viewHolder.getAdapterPosition();  
	                myAdapter = (MyAdapter)mRecyclerView.getAdapter();  
	                myAdapter.pendingRemoval(swipedPosition);  
	            }  
	  
	            @Override  
	            public int getSwipeDirs(RecyclerView recyclerView, RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder) {  
	                int position = viewHolder.getAdapterPosition();  
	                myAdapter = (MyAdapter) mRecyclerView.getAdapter();  
	               if (myAdapter.isPendingRemoval(position)) {  
	                     return 0;  
	                }  
	                return super.getSwipeDirs(recyclerView, viewHolder);  
	            }  
	        }; 	  
	        ItemTouchHelper mItemTouchHelper = new ItemTouchHelper(swipeHelper);  
	        mItemTouchHelper.attachToRecyclerView(mRecyclerView);  
	        //set swipe label  
	        swipeHelper.setLeftSwipeLable("Archive");  
	        //set swipe background-Color  
	        swipeHelper.setLeftcolorCode(ContextCompat.getColor(getActivity(), R.color.swipebackground));  
	    }  
}

strings.xml

<resources>  
     <string name="app_name">RecyclerView SwipeDeleteUndo</string>  
     <string name="action_settings">Settings</string>  
     <string name="hello_blank_fragment">Hello blank fragment</string>  
     <string name="undo_label"><u>Undo</u></string>  
     <string name="archived_label">Archive</string>  
</resources>

dimens.xml

<resources>  
<dimen name="fab_margin">16dp</dimen>  
     <dimen name="activity_horizontal_margin">16dp</dimen>  
     <dimen name="activity_vertical_margin">16dp</dimen>  
     <dimen name="ic_clear_margin">56dp</dimen>  
     <dimen name="text_size_medium">20sp</dimen>  
</resources> 

colors.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  
<resources>  
<color name="colorPrimary">#3F51B5</color>  
<color name="colorPrimaryDark">#303F9F</color>  
<color name="colorAccent">#FF4081</color>  
<color name="swipebackground">#cf0b4e</color>  
</resources>  

Outputs:

Final Words

Integrating Swipe-to-Delete with an Undo option in your Android app not only makes your RecyclerView more interactive but also significantly improves the user experience. It reflects thoughtfulness in design, catering to the users’ needs for easy management and recovery of their list items.

This functionality, when implemented correctly, can make your app stand out in terms of usability. As you develop your Android app, remember that such small details can make a big difference in how users perceive and interact with your app. Happy coding!