Artemis I will deliver the first biology experiment to deep space
When NASA's Artemis I launches on journey to moon, no animals or people will be onboard, but it will still carry biology investigations to see how living things react to the deep space environment.
Orion will carry items like yeast, algae, fungi and seeds rather than usual crew. Findings from these experiments will help to pave path toward safe return of humans to moon & crewed landing on Mars.
The Artemis team expects the inaugural mission to launch between 8:33 a.m. ET and 10:33 a.m. ET on Monday, August 29.
After liftoff, the Orion spacecraft will set off on a 42-day journey, traveling farther beyond the moon than any spacecraft ever intended to carry humans has ventured, including the Apollo missions.
Experiments traveling with Orion, both inside & outside of spacecraft, will be exposed to the radiation of the deep space environment that exists beyond low-Earth orbit in International Space Station.
This includes three mannequins riding inside of Orion. Two of the mannequins are wearing protective gear, including an improved flight suit and a vest.
Many sensors attached to the mannequins will capture data on how much vibration & radiation they experience during the trip that could help inform solutions to protect astronauts on upcoming missions.
These are just some of the experiments that will soon take flight on a lunar journey -- and their findings could change the future of space exploration.